科研动态
 
海洋碳汇研究进展3:2013年全国海洋碳汇联盟(COCA)的成立
发布日期:2016-3-27

为配合我国应对全球气候变化、实施低碳经济战略、推动海洋碳汇研发,由“海洋碳汇与未来地球协同中心(SCOCAFE)”负责人发起,全国30多个涉海单位的科技人员秉承“自发、自愿、贡献、分享”的原则共同组建的“全国海洋碳汇联盟(COCA)”于2013917日在三亚揭牌成立。

 COCA目标与任务

        建设“海洋碳汇国际监测站”。在我国近海建设碳汇时间序列监测站,以国际著名的两大监测站——太平洋ALOHAHOTS站和大西洋的BATS站为标杆,建设“近海受人为活动影响的海洋环境的时间序列监测站”(Coastal Ocean Time Series Station, COTS)。目前国际上尚无设在近海的碳汇专门监测站,COTS将成为海洋碳汇研发基地,产出国际认可的碳汇数据,服务国家战略需求,改变目前西方主导碳汇发言权的局面。

        打造“常设海洋碳汇国际论坛”。利用我国MCP学术优势,在已主导的多个国际学术大会前沿论坛的基础上,与国际上著名的戈登研究论坛(GRC)联合,打造常设我国的“海洋碳汇国际论坛(International Forum for Ocean Carbon Utility and Sequestration, FOCUS)”,吸引国际顶级科学家、汇聚国内外海洋碳汇领域的智力资源,形成“海洋碳汇国际标准”的孵化器;并在引领海洋碳汇研究的发展方向的同时,向世界宣传中国低碳经济的进展和成就,提升我国在国际舞台上的话语权和影响力。

        研究制定海洋碳汇国际标准(草案)。在COTS FOCUS 的基础上建立高效的国际合作机制,在碳汇科学领域与国际学术组织协作,在我国海区碳汇研究实践的基础上,研发海洋碳汇有关的方法、规范,逐步形成海洋碳汇国际标准(草案)(目前还是国际空白)。

        通过学术思想传播、先进协同理念引导、尤其是野外平台建设,COCA吸引了国内众多涉海科研院校、部委乃至企业(中国海洋石油总公司等),形成了以基础研究为主、涵盖产、学、研、政、用的联盟体,最大限度地汇聚国内外海洋碳汇领域的智力资源,并为服务国家需求建立了有效链接。

 


Pan-China Ocean Carbon Alliance (COCA)

The Pan-China Ocean Carbon Alliance (COCA) led by Dr. Nianzhi Jiao was established in 2013, with members from 21 domestic Chinese institutions including universities affiliated to the Ministry of Education of China, research institutes affiliated to Chinese Academy of Sciences, institutes/centers affiliated to the State Ocean Administration, as well as enterprises including China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC). COCA aims to become a leading research cluster on frontiers of ocean carbon sink and related fields. It will act as a platform for joint and interdisciplinary research involving research groups covering biologists, chemists and geologists, and comparative studies between ancient and modern marine environments. By putting the MCP theoretical framework into practical field and laboratory studies, we hope to provide a new, integrated view of microbial mediated carbon flow in the marine environment to fill knowledge gaps in oceanic carbon sequestration. The major mission of COCA is to set up long-term time series stations for blue carbon monitoring along the Chinese coasts; to establish a series of protocols for core measurements related to marine carbon sinks and to share data. The final goal of COCA is to seek for ocean carbon storage mechanisms and make the best of both carbon emission-reduction and sink-increase through policy-industry-research cooperation strategy.  A number of COCA time series observation stations have been set up in the Bohai Sea (led by Dr. Dong Hongyue and CNOOK), Yellow Sea (led by Dr. Yongyu Zhang and Liu Jihua), East China Sea (led by Dr. Xu Dapeng and Zhao Shujiang), and South China Sea(led by Dr. Tang Kai and CNOOK).