科研动态
 
海洋碳汇研究进展4:2014年8月成立中国未来海洋联盟(CFO),正式推出“中国蓝碳计划”
发布日期:2016-3-28

中国未来海洋联盟成立于2014810-11日在青岛召开的第39次“中国科学院学部科学技术前沿论坛”上(见下图),论坛主题是“海洋科技发展战略研讨”。出席本次论坛的有来自国家科技部、海洋局、教育部、自然科学基金委、中国科协和中科院学部工作局的领导,中国科学院及中国工程院的徐冠华、杜祥琬、汪品先、苏纪兰、孟伟、胡敦欣、潘德炉、王铁冠、朱日祥、穆穆、彭平安、张偲、焦念志等13位院士,加拿大皇家科学院陈镜明院士,以及来自中科院8个研究所、教育部14所涉海高校、环保部、海洋局、气象局、国土资源部、地矿部的研究院所的骨干科学家百余人。我国海洋科学方面的5个国家重点实验室负责人和十几个部门重实验室的负责人和学科带头人亦参加此次研讨会。焦念志院士在主旨报告中发出了成立中国未来海洋联盟的倡议,得到了与会人员的积极响应。

中国海洋与湖沼学会理事长孙松研究员主持了中国未来海洋联盟的成立大会,焦念志院士被推选为理事长。同时,大会推举产生了中国未来海洋联盟第一届理事、常务理事和副理事长人选,推举产生了由11位中科院院士和工程院院士组成的海洋联盟顾问委员会,邀请来自欧美亚7个国家的11位国际知名专家作为国际顾问委员会。

2009年联合国环境署、粮农组织和教科文组织政府间海洋学委会发布“蓝碳:健康海洋对碳的固定作用——快速反应评估”报告,报告指出世界上每年通过光合作用捕获的碳,即“绿碳”中,有55%是由海洋生物捕获的,这部分由海洋生态系统捕获的碳即被称为“蓝碳”。近年来随着人们对海洋认识的深化,蓝碳概念无论是内涵还是外延都发生了新的重大变化:由近海到大洋,由表层到深层,由宏体生物到微型生物;同时,古今结合、学科交叉、协同创新,科学与技术结合,也成 为研究蓝碳的必经之路。在新时期,“提高海洋资源开发能力,发展海洋经济,保护海洋生态环境,维护国家海洋权益、建设海洋强国”已成为国家战略。基于此,论坛经过研讨认为,有必要对于我国海洋碳循环研究的各个方面进行一个较为全面的梳理,并对我国蓝碳研究进行总结和制定未来的规划


 

 

China Future Ocean Alliance (CFO)

China Future Ocean Alliance (CFO) led by Drs. Nianzhi Jiao, Sun Song, Luo Yongming et al., is a national, neutral and independent scientific association, which provides an international, open forum for marine researchers and end-users to share their knowledge and experience. Through its knowledge sharing network, CFO not only highlights the partners' scientific achievements, but also synthesizes and integrates future ocean-related research. CFO had its first kick-off meeting in Tsing Tao, China, 2014 August, concurrently taking place with a Chinese Academy of Science forum on future directions of marine sciences in China. More than 100 scientists from most of the marine institutions in China attended the meeting. One of the significant outputs of this meeting is the proposed China Blue Carbon Plan which is a guide for the future directions in marine carbon sink research in China. The committee members of the alliance have consented to its objective of cross-disciplinary integration, synergistic innovation, resource sharing and facing the future. To foster collaborative, interdisciplinary research that addresses human-natural marine science issues, to provide guidance for decision-makers, managers and communities towards marine sustainability and the ultimately sustainable development of the ocean at all scales, are what the CFO pursues.

CFO has proposed the China Blue Carbon Project. The major missions of this project are to: 1) investigate the blue carbon processes and mechanisms involved in the biological carbon pump (BP), the microbial carbon pump (MCP) as well as the conventional blue carbon items such as mangroves, wetlands, sea grass, etc. in China seas/coasts; 2) estimate the flux and sequestration of blue carbon in China seas/coasts; 3) develop blue carbon sequestration strategy via land-ocean coordination and integration; and 4) establish core protocols for blue carbon measurement and management. The implementation of China Blue Carbon Project will contribute to our understanding of global carbon cycling and to the national 21st century maritime Silk Road strategy of China.